COMBAT SUPPORT AND COMBAT SERVICE SUPPORT [Army]
(Army Via Acquire Media NewsEdge) The Program Executive Office for Combat Support and Combat Service Support (PEO CS&CSS) directs and coordinates the efforts of our project and product managers/ product directors in managing more than 350 Army systems, including several joint service programs, across all phases of their life cycles. Our core competency lies in the life-cycle management of the Army's force projection equipment, transportation systems, mobile electric power systems, MRAP vehicles and tactical wheeled vehicles. Striving to be agile for changes in missions, threats and technologies, our highly skilled workforce provides program management and acquisition excellence in order to field urgently needed and combat-ready equipment to soldiers and joint warfighters engaged across the spectrum of military operations. We are committed to ensuring that capable, affordable systems develop in a timely fashion to satisfy current and future joint warfighter requirements.
Program phases fall into the areas of: pre-systems acquisition (concept refinement or technology development), generally consisting of research and development programs and before a Milestone B; systems acquisition (between Milestone B and full materiel release); systems after full materiel release (in production and fielding phases); and two types of sustainment (operations and support)-systems that have completed fielding, are no longer in production, and are managed directly by the project manager (PM); and systems that have completed fielding, are no longer in production, and are managed by an Army Materiel Command commodity command, but for which the PM remains the life-cycle manager.
The breadth of systems and portfolio areas within PEO CS&CSS' span of interest includes numerous areas of joint interest and opportunities to improve efficiency, capability and affordability for the future joint force. With responsibilities for contingency basing, mobile electric power and other energy-intensive areas, PEO CS&CSS efforts are at the forefront of finding solutions to unburden the soldier and squad, improving their mobility, lethality and survivability across the board. Likewise, as we move to rightsize all of our tactical vehicle fleets, field the latest joint capability in the joint light tactical vehicle, and improve the efficiency of retained vehicles, PEO CS& CSS is employing careful fleet management strategies to sustain the most capable future fleets. Moreover, our full embrace of the Army's strategic modernization planning effort will continue to ensure that science and technology insertion opportunities are used to the fullest extent practicable and that our life-cycle management efforts most effectively support the urgent needs of today's force while balancing long-term soldier requirements.
Project Manager Force Projection
The Project Manager Force Projection (PM FP) encompasses the Product Manager (PdM) Bridging, Product Manager Combat Engineer/Material Handling Equipment (PdM CE/MHE), Product Director Contingency Base Infrastructure (PdD CBI), Product Manager Force Sustainment Systems (PdM FSS), Product Manager Petroleum and Water Systems (PdM PAWS), Product Manager Sets, Kits, Outfits and Tools (PdM SKOT), and PdD Test, Measurement and Diagnostic Equipment.
Product Manager Bridging
The Product Manager (PdM) Bridging is committed to developing, acquiring, fielding and sustaining gap-crossing solutions that meet soldiers' requirements. PdM Bridging works with other defense organizations on a range of existing and emerging bridging systems including the Wolverine heavy assault bridge, armored vehicle launched bridge, improved ribbon bridge, bridge erection boat, common bridge transporter, rapidly emplaced bridge system, dry support bridge system, M3 medium girder bridge, joint assault bridge, assault breacher vehicle, improved boat cradle, bridge adapter pallet and line of communication bridge.
The Dry Support Bridge (DSB) provides the Army with assault and support bridging for gaps of up to 40 meters, with testing under way to increase the length to 46 meters. The DSB replaces the outdated, manpower- and time-intensive medium girder bridge with a mechanical system capable of emplacing a 40-meter bridge with eight soldiers in 90 minutes or less. In addition, the DSB will improve current bridge load-carrying capacity, moving it up to military load classification 96 for wheeled traffic, such as a fully loaded heavy equipment transporter. The DSB is designed for transportation as a palletized load by the common bridge transporter, palletized load system (PLS) trailers or service support units equipped with PLS trucks.
Assault bridging and gap crossing are supported by the Assault Breacher Vehicle, providing an in-stride complex obstaclebreaching capability based on the M1A1 Abrams tank hull for armored brigade combat teams. The M104 Wolverine Heavy Assault Bridge system is a legacy bridge system that used the M1A2SEP platform to horizontally launch and recover a 26-meter bridge while under armor, fielded in small quantities before program termination in 2002. The Joint Assault Bridge program will provide an M1A1-based platform to launch and recover the legacy armored vehicle launched bridge (AVLB) scissor bridge and replace AVLB launchers in combat engineer units. The rapidly emplaced bridge system (REBS) provides bridging capability to Stryker brigade combat teams.
A recently emerging requirement to provide the infantry brigade combat team (IBCT) with capability to conduct assault gap crossing is the Light Assault Gap Crossing Capability (LAGCC). The LAGCC will address three capability gaps. The type I bridge will be a footbridge that addresses an urgent need for assault/tactical gap crossing capability for dismounted soldiers in IBCTs. The type II bridge will provide a crossing capability up to 8 meters aboard a vehicle organic to the IBCT. The type III bridge will provide a combination assault rafting/assault wet gap crossing capability that can be used in full spectrum operations. The requirements documents for these capabilities are under development.
Product Manager Combat Engineer/ Material Handling Equipment
The Product Manager Combat Engineer/ Material Handling Equipment (PdM CE/MHE) is responsible for providing the primary mission equipment to the Army's combat engineer brigades and material handling equipment to all Army organizations. PdM CE/MHE is the life-cycle manager for 210 various type-classified systems covering a worldwide fleet of approximately 20,000 vehicles. The programs of record subject to PdM CE/MHE-intensive management are the add-on armor program, all-terrain engineer crane type II heavy, all-terrain liftArmy system type II, asphalt mixing plant, backhoe loader, bituminous material paving machine, construction equipment service life extension program, engineer mission module-water distributor, engineer rapid airfield construction capability (ERACC)-enhanced earthmoving, ERACC-mobile engineer tech lab, ERACC-soil stabilizer system, heavy grader type I and II, heavy loader type I and II, heavy scraper, high-mobility engineer excavator type I and II, hydraulic excavator type I, light capability rough terrain forklift, light dozer type I and II, light loader type II, machine-powered mower, medium dozer type I and II, dust palliative dispenser, portable asphalt patcher, portable concrete mixer, rough terrain container handler, rough terrain forklift, selfpropelled concrete saw, skid steer loader type II and III, soil density tester, vegetation removal tool, vibratory plate compactor, water well drill rig, and wide-area mower.
These programs support the current engineer forces within Stryker, heavy and infantry brigade combat teams, engineer support companies, vertical and horizontal companies, asphalt and concrete teams, and multirole bridge companies. PdM CE/ MHE also supports the Transportation, Quartermaster, Medical, Aviation and Military Police corps.
The High-Mobility Engineer Excavator (HMEE-I) continues to be the PdM's toppriority program. The HMEE-I is a highspeed excavator that is fielded to the Army's brigade combat teams (BCT) and other selected engineer units. It replaces the small emplacement excavator, whose useful life ended in fiscal year (FY) 2005. The HMEE-I is a diesel-engine-driven, self-propelled, four-wheel-drive vehicle with a hydraulically operated, front-mounted loader bucket and a hydraulically operated, rearmounted backhoe bucket. The HMEE-I has a 1.5-cubic-yard front-loader bucket, a 0.28- cubic-yard backhoe bucket, a 14-foot digging depth and a climate-controlled cab. The HMEE-I was designed to maintain pace with maneuver units and has a top speed of 60 mph.
Another activity with a broad range of engineering applications involves the development of Engineer Mission Modules. Permanently mounted on standard PLS flat racks, the modules are loaded via truck load-handling equipment, which allows drivers to configure their vehicles for a specific mission. By using fewer trucks and more modules, the concept provides a costeffective means of modernizing the fleet of engineer construction equipment. Other engineer mission modules configurations available include the M5 bituminous distributor, which has a capacity of 2,800 gallons; the M6 concrete mobile mixer, which has a capacity of 5 cubic yards when used on the PLS truck or trailer and 8 cubic yards when used on the ground as a batch plant; and the M6 dump body, which has a capacity of 12 to 14 cubic yards. Currently undergoing fielding is the M10 3,000-gallon water distributor for use with the PLS truck.
Product Director Contingency Base Infrastructure
The Product Director Contingency Base Infrastructure (PdD CBI) is utilizing the system-of-systems analysis tool, virtual forward operating base and a contingency base relational knowledge base to develop and maintain an integrated toolset. Using this integrated toolset and the contingency base relational database, PdD CBI will determine and update base-camp capability packages, provide analytical support for portfolio investment decisions, and enable contingency base camps to be implemented and optimized as an integrated system at the base level. Working with its stakeholders across the doctrine, organization, training, materiel, leadership policy and education, personnel, facilities, and policy (DOTMLPF- P), PdD CBI will enable effective, efficient and sustainable base camps while enhancing the mission effectiveness of current and future unified land operations.
Product Manager Force Sustainment Systems
The Product Manager Force Sustainment Systems (PdM FSS) has life-cycle management responsibility for cargo aerial delivery equipment, field feeding and field services systems, force provider and expeditionary base camp systems, and shelter systems that include heaters and camouflage netting.
The Joint Precision Air Drop System (JPADS) is a family of systems. JPADS 2,400 pounds (JPADS 2K) has been typeclassified and fielded to authorized units, allowing conventional military aircraftto accurately drop munitions and many other supplies onto the battlefield while minimizing the risk to aircraftand the possibility of enemy detection of aircraftdrop zones. The systems use gliding parachute decelerators, global positioning system (GPS)-based guidance, navigation and control, weather data assimilation and an airdrop mission planning tool to deliver cargo with near-pinpoint accuracy. The first combat JPADS cargo airdrop took place in August 2006. Based upon theater feedback, increased capabilities were incorporated to reduce the retrograde burden, provide terrain avoidance and provide even greater accuracy. The JPADS 10,000 pounds (JPADS 10K) has completed operational testing, has been type-classified and received full material release in FY 2013. JPADS 10K production started in FY 2013 and fielding will begin in FY 2014.
The Low-Cost Aerial Delivery System (LCADS) is a family of aerial delivery products on the opposite end of the technology spectrum from JPADS. By means of simplified designs and use of commercially available low-cost materials, PdM FSS has fielded an array of expendable parachutes and containers as a cost-effective means of either battlefield resupply or providing humanitarian aid. Purpose-built for one-time use, these items are uniquely suited for employment in the combat environment where the recovery of aerial delivery equipment is either impractical or puts warfighters at risk. At 50 percent less cost than legacy aerial delivery equipment, LCADS provides tangible dollar savings, and because LCADS parachutes come prepacked from the manufacturer, there is no need for skilled parachute riggers to maintain this equipment. The LCADS low-velocity version is currently the highest demand cargo parachute for use in Afghanistan.
The Multi-Temperature Refrigerated Container System (MTRCS) provides the capability to transport and store refrigerated and frozen products in a single container. The MTRCS, used by quartermaster subsistence platoons at corps level and BCTs to support ration distribution and storage, consists of an insulated 8-foot-by-8- foot-by-20-foot International Organization of Standards (ISO) container with an engine- driven refrigeration unit that allows operation on-the-move. Two compartments are separated by a moveable partition, allowing the container to be tailored to the specific load. The result is more efficient space utilization and reduced transportation requirements. The MTRCS is constructed to interface directly with Heavy Expanded Mobility Tactical Truck-Load Handling System (HEMTT-LHS) and PLS trucks for transport. More than 700 MTRCS have been fielded, including 100 issued in Afghanistan to remote bases.
The Assault Kitchen (AK) provides remote feeding capability at forward-deployed sites and enables hot meals on-themove with a minimal footprint. The AK's trailer-mounted design and heat-on-themove capability allow for minimal setup time, near-instantaneous feeding, and a short time on the ground at remote feeding sites. It can support multiple feeding sites per day or can be downloaded for static operations. Its tray ration heater heats prepared foods such as unitized group rationheat and serve (UGR-H&S) and operates on 120-volt alternating current (AC) using power from the vehicle's NATO slave receptacle and a power inverter. The AK can prepare and serve enough rations to feed 250 soldiers within 90 minutes.
The Mobile Integrated Remains Collection System (MIRCS) is transforming mortuary affairs operations by providing a system that is responsive, deployable, agile, versatile and sustainable. The MIRCS provides a mobile facility for the initial processing and storage of human remains on the battlefield. It is a self-contained, expandable, ISO-compatible shelter with a receiving/ processing area, administrative area, refrigerated storage for 16 remains and storage for operational supplies. It has an onboard power generator, environmental control and wastewater storage, and it includes all components necessary to operate in support of the full spectrum of military and peacetime disaster support operations. The MIRCS is constructed to interface directly with the HEMTT-LHS for transport. Fielding of the MIRCS was initiated in September 2010, with two deployed in Afghanistan in 2011.
In response to warfighter needs, the Force Provider Base Camp System, initially developed as a deployable rest and recreation system, has been repurposed into an expeditionary base camp for soldiers on the front lines. It is affectionately known as the Army's home away from home. The expeditionary configuration features a 600-person module in component sets that can be divided into four equal company-size sub-modules. It incorporates the use of an air-beam-supported tent, extendable, modular personnel (TEMPER) shelter and TRICON-based hygiene, laundry and feeding systems. The four equal sub-modules enable the commander to deploy 150 personnel to four separate locations without sacrificing any capability, providing commanders greater flexibility in deciding where to base combat power. The air-beam TEMPER shelters make setting up the billeting and administration tents very easy, reducing the time it takes to establish an entire 600-person camp from weeks to just a few days. The tent's air beams are inflated with an air compressor, similar to filling an automobile tire with air; it takes less than 30 minutes to set up each tent. In addition, other recently incorporated features provide the ability to air-transport all necessary equipment for a complete 150-person camp in a single C-17 aircraft, and, after reaching its final destination, the sub-module can be fully operational in less than four hours with a trained crew of eight personnel, providing quality latrine, shower, laundry, billeting and feeding facilities for soldiers.
A recent technological improvement being integrated into Force Provider modules is the Shower Water Reuse System (SWRS) capability. Similar to the technology used for the Army's tactical water purification system (TWPS), the SWRS makes up to 75 percent of the shower wastewater produced in a camp available for reuse. This will significantly reduce the logistics burden for Force Provider base camps, where up to 20,000 gallons of water are used in daily camp operations to support 600 personnel.
In response to theater requests for additional capabilities that reduce operational energy requirements and the overall fuel consumption throughout Afghanistan, PdM FSS is rapidly evaluating and adopting energy efficiency technologies for immediate use. Recent examples include insulated tent liners, energy-efficient lighting, door systems, solar barriers and power distribution system configuration changes that were successfully evaluated at Fort Devens, Mass., and are being integrated into deployed Force Provider modules first, followed by new production and modules returning for reset.
Another recent technology is a powermanagement microgrid kit that will be applied to the current 60-kilowatt tactical quiet generators to provide automatic on/ offcapabilities for the generators based upon load demand within the camp.
These combined improvements will cut the fuel consumed in the Force Provider base camps by more than 50 percent.
The Army's Base Camp Integration Laboratory (BCIL), managed and operated by PdM FSS, enables the Army and the joint services to evaluate and explore emerging base camp operational energy, resource efficiency and environmental stewardship solutions in a live warfighter environment. The focus is on solutions that could be deployed immediately to improve energy, water and waste efficiency while reducing environmental risks at tactical small unit base camps outfitted with Force Provider and similar equipment sets. The BCIL is being used to evaluate proposed solutions transitioning from U.S. Army Research and Development Command laboratories and/or industry from an integrated system of systems perspective, including immediate solutions such as energy efficient liner systems, solar shade systems, new heating technologies, water reuse technologies, energy management microgrid power systems and renewable energy technologies, as well as emerging technologies for future product development programs.
Product Manager Petroleum and Water Systems
The Product Manager Petroleum and Water Systems (PdM PAWS) is responsible for a range of petroleum laboratories, petroleum storage and distribution systems, water purification and treatment systems, and water storage and distribution systems.
The Petroleum Quality Analysis System- Enhanced (PQAS-E) is a fully integrated fuel laboratory installed in an environmentally controlled ISO shelter, mounted on an XCK2000E1 trailer with support equipment, supplies and a tent. The PQAS-E is a complete petroleum laboratory capable of B-2 level testing on kerosene-based and diesel fuels. System software provides an information database/expert system for the technician to consult in interpreting test results and in making recommendations for the disposition of fuels. The PQAS-E features an internal data acquisition system on a stand-alone computer, which delivers a comprehensive hardcopy test report showing the result and the acceptable range for each test. The tent structure serves as a customer service area where samples can be received, logged and stored before processing.
The Modular Fuel System (MFS) is a vital enabler for petroleum distribution operations in the modular force BCTs and support brigades and was developed specifically for use with the palletized load system and HEMTT-LHS. The MFS capitalizes on PLS/LHS enhanced mobility, speed of download and multicommodity capabilities. The flexibility of the MFS, which includes 14 ISO-certified, 2,500-gallon-capacity tankrack modules (TRM) and two 600-gallon-per-minute pumprack modules (PRM), allows for multiple modes of operation to distribute fuel. The MFS is a rapidly deployable and recoverable fuel storage/ distribution system able to receive, store, and issue fuels on the battlefield. The system has a 35,000-gallon capacity. The system can be manifolded and placed into operation in one hour or less using four trained 92F (Petroleum Supply Specialist) personnel. It can also be disassembled and packed for transport in one hour or less. Each TRM has onboard storage compartments for hoses, nozzles, fire extinguishers and grounding rods. Each PRM has a diesel-engine-driven centrifugal pump, filter separator, sufficient hoses, refueling nozzles, valves, fittings and an auxiliary pump for gravity discharge operations, and fittings to establish eight retail and/or bulk dispensing points (total of 16 points per system). The system can also be fitted with a fuel additive injector. The Army does not have legacy storage/distribution systems that can compare with the increased mobility, capability, compatibility, maintainability, sustainability and performance of the MFS. The TRM can also be used in conjunction with the HEMTT tanker. This configuration enables brigades to carry and distribute their required fuel supply while minimizing personnel and prime movers.
The Fuel System Supply Point (FSSP) consists of fabric storage tanks of various sizes, pumps, filter separators, fittings and hoses. The systems are contained in ISOcompatible modules. The FSSP is the primary system for receiving, storing and issuing fuel within a theater of operation. The system configuration can be tailored to situational requirements. The FSSP has the flexibility to provide storage and delivery of fuel for a few thousand to hundreds of thousands of gallons. It is capable of rapid emplacement and recovery and can be transported to the operational site by a wide variety of transportation assets.
The Load Handling System Compatible, Water Tank Rack (Hippo) represents the latest technology in bulk water distribution systems. The system is a mobile hard-wall system providing potable water to theater and brigade units. The Hippo consists of a 2,000-gallon water tank rack with pump, filling stand, and a 70-foot hose reel with bulk suction and discharge hoses. It is fully functional mounted or dismounted and is transportable when full, partially full or empty. The Hippo prevents water from freezing at minus 25 degrees Fahrenheit and is compatible with the HEMTT-LHS and the PLS truck and trailer. The Hippo replaces the semitrailer mounted fabric tank. It provides the Army with the capability to receive, store and distribute potable water for cooking, drinking, showering and cleaning.
The Unit Water Pod System (Camel II) consists of an 800- to 900-gallon storage capacity tank, heater unit, government-furnished M1095 medium tactical vehicle (MTV) trailer, and contractor-developed components mounted to or carried by the trailer. Under the Stryker brigade combat team (SBCT) concept, the Camel II will provide a maneuver unit with a one-day supply of potable water for drinking and other purposes. If the unit has another source of drinking water, such as bottled water, the Camel II can provide a two-day supply of potable water for other purposes. The Camel II is the unit's primary water distribution system and will be used by units at all echelons throughout the battlefield, replacing the M107, M149 and M1112 series 400- gallon water trailers (Water Buffalo).
Product Manager Sets, Kits, Outfits and Tools
The Product Manager Sets, Kits, Outfits and Tools (PdM SKOT) manages more than 50 of the Army's combat engineer and ordnance SKOTs, providing industrial- quality tools with lifetime warranties, foam cutouts for rapid inventory, and increased ease of accountability and transportability to the soldier. PdM SKOT's broad portfolio includes ordnance SKOTs for tracked and wheeled vehicle emergency repair and maintenance, armament systems repair, hydraulic systems repair, metal working and machining, cutting, and welding. These systems provide commanders with unprecedented capability to repair vehicles, ground support equipment and weapon systems on-site.
Engineering SKOTs provide specialized tools and equipment to enable combat and construction engineers to train for and support operations in urbanized areas in addition to field engineer and general construction tasks. These sets are required to perform full spectrum operations including expedient bridge repair, construction of field fortifications, building erection, and construction of combat obstacles throughout the maneuver area.
Diving/boats and motors SKOTs provide specialized and commercial tools and equipment to support both special operations and engineer divers. The diving support sets provide specialized ensembles along with critical life-support equipment to enable divers to perform combat and training missions worldwide. In addition, PdM SKOT manages the inflatable boats and their associated outboard motors in support of dive, combat engineer and special operations forces.
Firefighting systems, load banks and special tools SKOTs provide specialized tools and equipment to support Army firefighters. Firefighting systems consist of fire protection systems (FPE) and the firefighter individual requirements equipment set (FIRES)-superior firefighting tools and equipment that provide the soldier with enhanced firefighting gear and fire-suppression capabilities in both urbanized and complex terrain. The FPE sets take full advantage of technological advances for firefighting, mitigating gaps in convoys and airfield fire safety operations. FPE equipment enables soldiers to conduct safer and more effective firefighting operations.
Load banks develop an electrical load, apply the load to an electrical power source, and convert or dissipate the resultant power output of the source. The load bank is used to accurately mimic the operational or real load that a power source will see in actual application. Unlike the real load, however, which is likely to be dispersed, unpredictable and random in value, a load bank provides a contained, organized and fully controllable load. Consequently, a load bank can be further defined as a self-contained, unitized, systematic device that includes load elements with control and accessory devices required for operation. The goal of the special tools program is to increase efficiencies by eliminating the number of redundant and common tools and reducing the logistics footprint (weight, cube and transportation requirements); increase transportability and accountability; and add to equipment availability through reduced maintenance, turnaround and non-mission-capable times.
Product Director Test, Measurement and Diagnostic Equipment
The Product Director Test, Measurement and Diagnostic Equipment (PdD TMDE) is responsible for the life-cycle management of the Army's calibration sets (CALSETS), general purpose electronic test equipment and its modernization through the test equipment modernization (TEMOD) program, and the integrated family of test equipment (IFTE), composed of at-platform automatic test systems and off-platform automatic test systems.
CALSETS are sets of discrete, high-precision, generally commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) or modified-COTS calibration equipment, accessories and repair equipment. CALSETS standards are deployed worldwide to fixed and mobile teams and laboratories and are used to verify and transfer precision accuracy to the current and Future Force. A modified table of organization and equipment calibration team operates with two sets configured as the AN/GSM-705 and the AN/GSM-421(V).
The TEMOD program has procured 38 products, replacing more than 334 models of general purpose electronic test equipment in the Army inventory. TEMOD products support current and emerging communications electronics found on missile, air defense, aviation, ground, watercraftand biomedical systems. TEMOD products are state-of-the-art, COTS products providing increased reliability, higher accuracies and reduced test times.
The integrated family of test equipment is designated as a DoD standard automatic test system family. As an at-platform tester, the Army is fielding the maintenance support device version 3 (MSD-V3), a lightweight and rugged tester used at all levels of maintenance to automatically diagnose electronic and automotive subsystems of the Army's ground and aviation weapon systems and perform a weapon systems software loader/verifier mission.
With respect to off-platform testing, the Base Shop Test Facility version 3 and version 5 have been fielded; however, their replacement, the next-generation automatic test system (NGATS), is in its low-rate initial production phase. NGATS is a jointcompliant, expeditionary, interoperable offplatform tester and screener. Like its predecessors, NGATS will be enclosed in an environmentally controlled shelter powered by standard Army generators. NGATS utilizes joint service-developed test standards, architecture and technologies to meet current and future sustainment maintenance support. NGATS takes advantage of modern COTS test instruments and open-system architecture, resulting in significant improvements in capability, system reliability and reduced system costs.
Joint Project Management Office, Joint Light Tactical Vehicles
Offices within the Joint Program Office, Joint Light Tactical Vehicles (JPO JLTV) include product manager (test), JLTV; three vendor-specific product managers for JLTV's engineering and manufacturing development phase; and the Product Manager Light Tactical Vehicles (PdM LTV).
The Joint Project Management Office, Joint Light Tactical Vehicles (JPO JLTV) is the Army's lead for the acquisition of the Joint Light Tactical Vehicle (JLTV). The JLTV Family of Vehicles (FoV) and companion trailers are central components of the Army and Marine Corps' tactical wheeled vehicle strategy, balancing longterm warfighter needs of protection, performance, and payload in an affordable and expeditionary platform designed for global operations.
Capability gaps within the existing light tactical wheeled vehicle fleet are the result of an imbalance in protection, payload and performance. The JLTV FoV will deliver a balance of these capabilities within an affordable and transportable solution, meeting the Army and Marine Corps rotary- and fixed-wing, air, sea, and overland transport requirements-something no existing light tactical wheeled vehicle can do.
The development of the JLTV reinforces the Army and Marine Corps' approach to interoperable platforms that provide expeditionary and protected maneuver to forces supported by the Humvee. The JLTV also improves payload efficiency through chassis engineering, enabling the vehicles to be deployed with the appropriate amount of force protection through scalable armor solutions.
The JLTV FoV includes two- and four-seat variants and four mission package configurations. The two-seat variant is a vehicle that can serve as either a utility vehicle or a shelter carrier, onto which command, control, communication, computers, intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance (C4ISR) platforms can be integrated. The four-seat variant will serve as a general purpose vehicle, a heavy gun carrier and a close combat weapons carrier. With the scalable armor, the JLTV FoV will enable the warfighter to adapt the JLTV to a wide spectrum of military operations.
The program is in its 33-month engineering and manufacturing development phase, which consists of more than two years of developmental test and evaluation of production representative prototypes. Milestone C and entry into the production phase of the JLTV life cycle are anticipated for the third quarter of FY 2015. Low-rate initial production is anticipated to begin in the fourth quarter of FY 2015, with initial operational capability established in FY 2018. The Army acquisition objective for JLTV is 49,099 vehicles of various mission package configurations.
Product Director Light Tactical Vehicles
The Product Director Light Tactical Vehicles (PdD LTV) is responsible for the Army's Humvee FoV and Light Tactical Trailers (LTT). The Army's requirement for Humvees is 136,000 vehicles. Throughout the vehicle's life, more than 250,000 have been built and placed in service worldwide.
The versatile Humvee is the Army's most ubiquitous vehicle, providing a common, light tactical wheeled capability and serving as the Army's (and other services') primary light wheeled vehicle for combat, combat support and combat service support missions. The Humvee FoV consists of multiple configurations built on a common chassis to support various weapon systems, command-and-control systems and field ambulances and to provide ammunition, troop and general cargo transport. The Humvee is equipped with a high-performance, 6.5-liter, turbo-charged diesel engine, electronic automatic transmission and four-wheel drive. It is air-transportable and low-velocity airdrop-certified (except for the maxi ambulance variants). The Humvee can be equipped with a self-recovery hydraulic winch and can support payloads up to 5,100 pounds (including crew and pintle loads), depending on the model.
Recent-production Humvees are built on the expanded capacity vehicle (ECV) chassis. The ECV variants were first introduced in 1995 as the M1113 shelter carrier, providing up to 5,100 pounds of payload, and the M1114 up-armored Humvee, to provide crew protection from small-arms fire, overhead fragmentation from artillery and mortar shells, and underbody protection from antipersonnel/antitank mines. The most recent production variants of the Humvee family include the M1151A1 ECV armament carrier, M1152A1 ECV cargo/troop/ shelter carrier, M1165A1 ECV commandand- control carrier and the M1167 ECV TOW missile carrier vehicles. Like the M1114, the M1151 has a rooftop weapon station that can accommodate an M249, M240/M60 machine gun, M2 machine gun, or the Mk 19 grenade launcher. Unlike earlier models, these latest versions are also designed for the application of additional armor packages over their base protection levels, as the mission profile dictates.
New Humvee production for the Army ended in February 2011, although production for the other services and foreign military sales customers continued into early 2013. Included in the Army production was a new M997A3 ambulance configuration, built on the ECV chassis, which was planned specifically for the Army National Guard to meet its homeland security and natural disaster relief missions. Because of the large numbers of Humvee variants in the Army and the need for their service into the foreseeable future, plans are being developed to study technologies that could be applied to the Humvee in order to realistically improve performance and reliability in the short term. This effort is designed to examine potential solutions that would improve ECV performance and mobility while addressing concerns with major component obsolescence through the integration of COTS-enhanced capabilities, resulting in a government performance specification to support future procurement if desired.
PdD LTV has also continued the Up-Armored Humvee (UAH) Recapitalization (recap) program at Red River Army Depot, Texas, and Letterkenny Army Depot, Pa. The non-armored utility vehicle recap program ended in FY 2012, and UAH recap production was completed in March. The program to bring more than 9,000 warweary UAHs up to the latest M1151A1, M1152A1, or M1165A1 production standards, however, continued at Red River Army Depot during FY 2013. To save operating and sustainment costs in the UAH recap program, heavy armored production doors are being replaced with an M1025- like door for peacetime use, with armored doors to be stored and reinstalled when needed to meet operational requirements. These M1025-like doors are being purchased and assembled for delivery at Rock Island Arsenal, Ill. Red River Army Depot also introduced the automotive improvement program (AIP) to its UAH recap line in March. The AIP includes new threepiece modular run-flat tires, a 400-amp alternator, a battery disconnect switch and the relocation of A/C condensers.
PdD LTV was also responsible for the integration, testing, production and fielding of Humvee platform-based "A" kits, which were coordinated with the selected network components from the Network Integration Evaluation at Fort Bliss, Texas. PdD LTV developed those network components into a synchronized capability set vehicle solution and awarded the production to Red River Army Depot, with the production effort running from November 2012 to April 2013. PdD LTV delivered 336 capability setequipped M1151A1s to the Army ahead of schedule and is continuing to work with network PMs on the development of incremental capability set configurations for FY 2014 and FY 2015.
The Light Tactical Trailer (LTT) is the Humvee trailer. It was tested and approved (materiel released) for use per the Humvee mission profile. The LTT comes in three variants: 3/4-ton M1101 (LTT-L), 1 1/4-ton M1102 (LTT-H), and heavy chassis (LTTHC). The Army has met the LTT requirement of 47,245 trailers. Once production completes in FY 2014, the Army should have a fully modernized fleet of light tactical trailers.
PdD LTV is responsible for the Light Engineer Utility Trailer (LEUT). The LEUT capability production document was validated in March 2007. An acquisition decision memorandum from the program executive officer for the approval to issue a request for proposal for the initial contract award in FY 2014 is anticipated in late FY 2013. The LEUT will come in two variants, a 5-ton trailer and a 12-ton trailer, to serve as dedicated carriers for various combat engineer equipment.
PdD LTV is also responsible for managing the M200A1 2 1/2-ton chassis and M1061A1 5-ton flatbed trailers. Both are platforms for tactical electric power (TEP) systems acquired by PM Mobile Electric Power (MEP), and both are produced to technical data packages. The prime mover for the M200A1 is the 2 1/2-ton truck, while the prime mover for the M1061A1 is the 5- ton truck. A new production contract for the M1061A1 was awarded to Schutt Industries in November 2012, and a new production contract for the M200A1 was awarded in April, also to Schutt Industries.
Project Manager Mobile Electric Power
The Project Manager Mobile Electric Power (PM MEP) encompasses two source product managers-small power sources and medium power sources, and two source product directors-large power sources and battery power sources. The Product Manager for Small Power Sources (PdM SPS) integrates small tactical electric power generation, power distribution and environmental controls, and it manages mobile power acquisition programs and energy source solutions to enhance the operational capabilities of the warfighter.
PdM SPS provides standardized tactical electric power in the lower power range, from 0 to 5 kilowatts. Small power systems include the 2-kilowatt military tactical generator and 3-kilowatt tactical quiet generator. PM SPS manages a family of improved environmental control units (IECUs) that provide environmental control capabilities and materiel operational energy solutions to Army warfighters in the form of cooling, heating and dehumidification. The IECU program consists of three standard shelter-mounted systems in the following sizes: 9,000 British thermal units per hour (BTUH); 18,000 BTUH; 36,000 BTUH; and one skid-mounted unit of 60,000 BTUH. SPS procured more than 2,500 60,000-BTUH IECUs in support of Army requirements.
The Product Manager Medium Power Sources (PdM MPS) integrates medium tactical electric power generation, power distribution and environmental controls, and it manages mobile power acquisition programs and energy source solutions to enhance the operational capabilities of the warfighter.
PdM MPS provides a family of medium power sources, including the tactical quiet generator in sizes 5-kilowatt, 10-kilowatt, 15-kilowatt, 30-kilowatt and 60-kilowatt; the advanced medium mobile power sources (AMMPS) in sizes 5-kilowatt, 10-kilowatt, 15-kilowatt, 30-kilowatt and 60-kilowatt; and the AMMPS power units and power plants, consisting of generator sets mounted on the LTT and M200.
PdM MPS' major initiative for FY 2012 focused on fielding the AMMPS production generator sets. PdM MPS provides an Army type-classified material solution to warfighters located in remote combat outposts and forward operating bases. This major effort includes total package fielding of generator sets to gaining commands, combined with boots-on-the-ground operational energy assessments and training and equipping ("rightsizing") tactical units for optimal generator set implementation. PdM MPS also incorporates the power distribution illumination system electrical (PDISE) to better manage and distribute power and provides the power units/ power plants product lines (generator sets mounted on standard military trailers). Each of these efforts includes fielding, production, engineering, logistic and on-site management personnel at multiple sites.
The Product Director Large Power Sources (PdD LPS) integrates large tactical electric power generation, power distribution equipment and prime power sources in support of national security and the operational capabilities of the warfighter.
The 100-kilowatt and 200-kilowatt generator set product line consists of the tactical quiet generator (TQG) sets, which were introduced in 2004. The general purpose TQG produces quality electric power for critical applications such as medical facilities and intelligence operations. TQG configurations include C-130 or C-17 transportable skid sets and trailer-mounted power units. The 100-kilowatt TQG is available as a skidmounted set and as a power unit on an M1061A1 5-ton trailer. The 200-kilowatt TQG is also available as a skid-mounted set and as a power unit on an M1061A1 5-ton trailer. The MEP-807A replaces the obsolete 100-kilowatt military standard (MIL-STD) MEP-007B (J38712). The PU-807A replaces the 100-kilowatt PU-495B/G (J35801). The PU-807 and MEP-807 will replace all 100- kilowatt MIL-STD sets in the DoD inventory.
Large advanced mobile power sources (LAMPS) is a modernization program that will provide more mobile, reliable and logistically supportable tactical electric power sources for the DoD's 21st-century digitized forces. LAMPS will replace the currently fielded 100-kilowatt and 200-kilowatt MILSTD generator sets, procured from 1980 through 1992, and the 100-kilowatt and 200- kilowatt TQG generator sets, which are being produced through 2014. LAMPS will provide improved tactical electric power to combat, combat support, and combat service support units throughout the Army and other military services.
The LAMPS product line will include skid- and trailer-mounted 100-kilowatt and 200-kilowatt generator sets, a 1,600-amp power distribution unit (PDU) and a remote operation kit featuring a microgrid mode that, when used in conjunction with the PDU, will allow for up to three 200- kilowatt units-or up to six 100-kilowatt units-to operate in parallel, with automatic start/stop load-following capability.
The PdD LPS prime power product line consists of the 840-kilowatt deployable power generation and distribution system (DPGDS) prime power unit. The DPGDS prime power units come in an Air Force "A" model and an Army "B" model. The DPGDS modernization and replacement effort replaced the MIL-STD 750-kilowatt sets. The units are now in compliance with DPGDS system performance specifications, which require the units to handle a full load at 125 degrees Fahrenheit.
The Power Distribution Illumination Systems Electrical (PDISE) provides reliable, quick-to-assemble, modular-designed power distribution equipment that is critical to deploying power networks. The PDISE family consists of five manportable end items, including two three-phase feeder systems (M200 and M100), two distribution systems (M40 three-phase and M60 single-phase) and a utility assembly kit (M46). PDISE is simple, reliable and compatible with DoD generator sets from 5- kilowatt to 200-kilowatt. PDISE subdivides and distributes electricity from single power sources to multiple equipment users within shelters and various unit complexes, and it is critical to improving the Army's operational energy efficiency by reducing the logistics footprint by utilizing centralized power configurations. These systems are used to support critical C4ISR systems, tactical operations centers' central power requirements, deployable medical systems, and Force Provider systems. PDISE provides flexibility to unit operations and can be quickly set up and connected and taken down for rapid relocation.
The mission of Product Director (PdD) Battery Power Sources centers on establishing a formal charter and securing the necessary funding to support an acquisition product manager to centrally manage the Army's battery mission requirements. During 2012, PM MEP worked to define and establish the soldier power/battery mission with a focus on standardization to reduce the soldier's burden and the Army's costs.
The primary focus of the PdD Battery Power Sources is on communications and electronics batteries as they directly affect the individual soldier and provide the greatest opportunities for improvement in the short term. To address these challenges, PM MEP recommended that the acquisition of Army batteries be managed by a single acquisition program office. Likewise, the designated battery manager should be chartered and funded to manage the entire cradle-to-grave life cycle, including development, procurement, fielding and sustainment. This mission includes promoting standardization through cooperation with combat developers to generate user requirements, outreach to materiel developers for education and assistance, and teaming with industrial partners to enable competitive stable battery procurements. The overarching goal of this new office will be to reduce the Army's cost and logistics burden, to make the soldier more effective, and to eliminate inefficiencies in battery acquisition.
PM MEP continues to support warfighter operational energy demands, while leading the charge to develop alternative and renewable energy systems to meet tomorrow's needs. PM MEP consistently strives toward becoming the recognized leader within DoD for innovative power and environmental control solutions. The PM MEP motto is "Powering the Force."
Project Manager MRAP Vehicles
Project Manager (PM) MRAP Vehicles serves as the Army's service lead for the joint MRAP program and encompasses thousands of highly survivable MRAP vehicles under four product managers: PdM Joint Logistics and Sustainment, PdM MRAP Vehicle Systems, PdM MRAP All- Terrain Vehicles (M-ATV), and PdM Assured Mobility Systems (AMS).
Fielded to address urgent needs in Iraq and Afghanistan and credited with saving an untold number of lives, MRAP vehicles are armored vehicles with a blast-resistant, V-bottomed underbody designed to protect the crew from mine blasts and fragmentary and direct-fire weapons. MRAP features four vehicle categories: Category I for urban combat missions; Category II for convoy escort, troop transport, explosive ordnance disposal and ambulance missions; Category III for clearing mines and explosives; and the MRAP All-Terrain Vehicle (M-ATV), a smaller, lighter-weight platform. A wrecker, or MRAP recovery vehicle (MRV), was added to the fleet in late 2010.
The MRAP fleet of vehicles consists of 24 discernible variants from six commercial manufacturers. Envisioned as a few thousand vehicles to assist with the growing threat of improvised explosive devices (IEDs), the fleet immediately demonstrated significantly higher survivability than other vehicles. Follow-on acquisition based on MRAP success now supports all five branches of service and U.S. Special Operations Command. Ultimately, the Joint Program Office oversaw the procurement of 27,000 vehicles, with the largest share coming to the Army. The smaller Category I vehicles in the 17- to 25-ton range can carry a crew of up to eight, whereas the larger Category II vehicles weigh as much as 40 tons and protect a crew of up to 10. MRAP vehicles can be found in a multitude of missions and are the wheeled vehicle of choice for the most dangerous combat encounters in current operations. MRAPs provide significant protection from small arms from all angles and are especially adept at mitigating blast effects-much more so than lighter vehicles. Most also have the ability to carry extra protection for other types of specialized threats if the mission dictates. All variants come complete with a communications suite, a gunner's turret and a chassis capable of much higher mobility than other vehicles of similar weight. Overall, the MRAP family of vehicles provides great flexibility and capability to the warfighter.
While already considerably mobile, many Category I vehicles have received suspension upgrades, including a fully independent suspension system (ISS) to replace the solid-axle system provided at the time of initial purchase. Follow-on procurements have included the ISS installed on the production floor. Other enhancements include the integration of a Common Remotely Operated Weapon Station (CROWS), a tubelaunched, optically tracked wire-guided missile (TOW) improved target acquisition system (ITAS), interior and exterior survivability enhancements, ride and comfort upgrades, and exterior lighting packages.
In fall 2012, Headquarters, Department of the Army, led a study to determine the correct mixture and quantity of MRAPs that effectively balanced risk, capability and affordability. The study concluded in March, when the Army Vice Chief of Staffapproved the MRAP enduring fleet composition, which retains approximately 8,000 MRAPs in three variants: M-ATV, MaxxPro Dash with ISS and MaxxPro Plus Ambulance. While assuming Army-specific program management duties for these vehicles from the Joint Program Office this month, PM MRAP is also working to shape systems for this enduring requirement.
Product Manager Joint Logistics and Sustainment
The Product Manager Joint Logistics and Sustainment is responsible for all aspects of planning and coordinating life-cycle logistics for the MRAP family of vehicles. From the inception of this program, the logistics team has focused on the establishment and sustainment of a high level of readiness for MRAPs deployed outside the continental United States and at training sites in the United States. Despite the fielded MRAP vehicle population growth from a few hundred to tens of thousands, the readiness rate of the MRAPs delivered to operating units has consistently remained at or above 90 percent, despite the harsh operational environment.
The rapid fielding of MRAP vehicles, combined with the relatively large number of manufacturers and corresponding vehicle types and variants, greatly increased the complexities and challenges of sustaining MRAPs. The most important activities being addressed include technical data packages and other types of documentation, training, wholesale level support, in-theater management, depot and field-level maintenance, and integrated supply chain management in preparation of the full material release of enduring MRAP variants.
The logistics team continues to coordinate the installation of survivability and mobility vehicle upgrades and the integration of command-and-control systems in the U.S. Central Command area of operations. These maintenance actions are occurring while the logistics footprint in theater is being reduced in accordance with the drawdown of U.S. military forces. A commitment to high operational readiness rates, outstanding customer service and an expeditionary mind-set is maintained throughout the drawdown of personnel overseas. The logistics team is also focused on resetting MRAP vehicles, designated for retention in the Army's wheeled vehicle fleet.
Product Manager MRAP Vehicle Systems
The Product Manager MRAP Vehicle Systems (PdM VS) manages both the MaxxPro and Caiman family of vehicles. Both fleets have many well-known subvariants, and with more than 8,700 Maxx- Pro and nearly 2,900 Caiman vehicles, PdM VS is responsible for almost half of the MRAPs ever produced.
Based on the Army Vice Chief of Staff's MRAP III study decision, the PdM VS fleet will reduce in size to approximately 2,600 MaxxPro Dash with ISS and 300 MaxxPro Plus with ISS ambulances. None of the Caiman variants were identified in the enduring fleet. For MaxxPro and Caiman vehicles that have been identified as excess, PdM VS is supporting potential foreign military sales and divestiture options.
At the same time, PdM VS continues to deliver survivability-enhancing upgrades to the warfighter. One of the most notable upgrades brought to theater in the last year was the MaxxPro Survivability Upgrade (MSU). In less than 90 days, the MSU went from a concept to kits in theater, providing an unprecedented level of survivability protection to warfighters. This upgrade will be a major component of the MaxxPro Dash with ISS vehicles retained in the enduring fleet and ensures the vehicles will be relevant and protect the warfighter in current and future operations. Several other improvement efforts, including the incorporation of protective rocket-propelled grenade nets and enhanced communication suites, ensure that the Army's MaxxPro vehicles will continue to serve as safe, survivable and viable combat support vehicles well into the future.
Product Manager MRAP All-Terrain Vehicles
The Product Manager (PdM) MRAP All- Terrain Vehicle (M-ATV) manages two MRAP platforms, the M-ATV and the RG- 33 family of vehicles. The team's mission is to deliver survivable, operationally relevant M-ATV and RG-33 vehicles by employing technology and sustaining maximum readiness for U.S. and coalition forces.
The primary mission of the M-ATV is to provide a protected ground mobility system capable of operating in a threat environment that involves ambushes, the use of mines, IEDs, rocket-propelled grenades, explosively formed projectiles (EFP) and small-arms fire. The M-ATV has an increased capability to operate in rough terrain. There are two M-ATV variants-the M-ATV conventional vehicle and the MATV Special Operations Command (SOCOM) variant.
The RG-33 platform features several variants including the RG-33L, RG-33L ambulance, RG-33L Plus with add-on armor, RG- 33 SOCOM, and the RG-33 armored utility vehicle. The RG-33 is designed to reduce casualties and increase survivability for personnel subjected to mine explosions, IED detonations, EFPs, and small-arms fire. The RG-33 features a combat-proven, V-shaped hull that provides superior blast protection against symmetrical, asymmetrical and unconventional explosive hazards.
Product Manager Assured Mobility Systems
The Product Manager Assured Mobility Systems (PdM AMS) is responsible for managing the entire life cycle (development, acquisition and sustainment) of route-clearance equipment for the Army. This mission involves equipping the forward-deployed route clearance and explosive ordnance disposal teams operating in both Iraq and Afghanistan with the capability to detect, identify, interrogate and neutralize IEDs. PdM AMS vehicles are combined at the discretion of the field commander to create the appropriate route-clearance package. The future company configuration of a routeclearance team will consist of a Buffalo, a vehicle- mounted mine detection set consisting of two Husky vehicles, four medium mineprotected vehicles (MMPV) used for command and control, and explosive hazard predetonation (EHP) add-ons to the vehicles such as mine detection rollers. The AMS family of vehicles includes the Buffalo, Panther, RG-31 MK5E, VMMD and JERRV.
The Buffalo Mine Protected Clearance Vehicle (MPCV) is a six-wheeled, mineprotected, armored personnel carrier with a one-piece body designed to provide survivability for a crew of six. The front, side and rear armor provide small-arms protection, while its V-shaped hull deflects blasts from mines and IEDs. The Buffalo MPCV has an articulated hydraulic arm mounted on the front bumper and can be used to investigate suspected mine and IED locations. The Buffalo MPCV is used by engineer units during area and route-clearance missions.
The Vehicle Mounted Mine Detection (VMMD) system consists of two Husky vehicles operating in tandem to detect buried explosives. Each Husky has a detection array mounted under the vehicle, which is deployed during route-clearance operations. If a suspected explosive is detected, the system marks the spot on the ground for follow- up interrogation by either the Buffalo or RG-31 fitted with an interrogation arm.
The RG-31 MK5E vehicle is designed to safely transport personnel or equipment in areas where mines and IEDs may be deployed. In addition, the hull of the vehicle is designed utilizing a V shape, which serves to provide mine blast protection. The RG-31 MK5E, along with Panther vehicles, will be deployed jointly as a solution to the MMPV requirement.
The Panther is a 6x6 wheeled vehicle designed to provide enhanced crew protection and system survivability with add-on armor protection; an automatic fire extinguishing system; and a chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear or high-yield explosive overpressure system. There are three variants of the Panther: the XM1226 Engineer (holds four combat engineers, one robot and 180 cubic feet of storage), the XM1227 EOD (holds four explosive ordinance specialists, two robots and 197 cubic feet of storage) and the XM1229 Prophet (seats six warfighters for intelligence, surveillance, electronic warfare and target acquisition operations). The XM1226 provides warfighters with the ability to transport, charge, configure and deploy the robot without compromising force protection. The Panther has a rear hydraulic ramp for crew and robot ingress/egress, and the XM1226 has a bulkhead door separating the crew compartment from the cargo area.
The Joint EOD Rapid Response Vehicle (JERRV) is a joint service, mine-protected vehicle with a primary role of supporting first responders such as explosive ordnance disposal specialists in neutralizing improvised explosive devices, mines and other ordnance. The JERRV is an operational needs statement system for use in theater during deployment operations and will be replaced by the XM1227 Panther as a program of record for continental United States fielding.
The Area Mine Clearance System (AMCS) is a commercially available, blastprotected vehicle designed to clear antitank and antipersonnel mines by means of a rotating flail. The AMCS is a manually operated, self-powered vehicle with the capability to adjust flailing depth.
The Explosive Hazard Pre-detonation (EHP) program consists of a mine/IED detection roller, a debris blower and a wire neutralization system. The roller is intended to attach to the front of the MMPV Type II and assist in detonating explosive hazards before vehicle impact. The debris blower is intended to attach to the front of the Buffalo and assist in clearing debris from roads and their shoulders to better expose potential explosive hazards. Finally, the wire neutralization system is intended to attach to either the VMMD or MMPV Type II vehicle to catch and neutralize command- wire IED systems. All three of these systems are in use or were previously used in overseas contingency operations in routeclearance packages. These are known as the Self-Propelled Adaptive Roller Kit (SPARK), Cyclone Blower, and Iron Scrape Wire Neutralization System, respectively. In addition, the SPARK has been used on numerous other MRAP vehicles and other platforms in Operation Iraqi Freedom and Operation Enduring Freedom.
Project Manager Transportation Systems
The office of Project Manager Transportation Systems (PM TS) includes the Product Director Armored Security Vehicle (PdD ASV); Product Manager Medium Tactical Vehicles (PdM MTV); Product Manager Heavy Tactical Vehicles (PdM HTV); Product Director Army WatercraftSystems (PdD AWS); and Product Manager Allied Tactical Vehicles (PdM ATV).
Product Director Armored Security Vehicle
The Product Director Armored Security Vehicle (PdD ASV) has the mission to develop, produce, field and sustain the M1117 ASV to an expeditionary force. The M1117 ASV is a turreted, armored, all-wheel drive vehicle that supports military police missions such as rear-area security, law and order operations, battlefield circulation and enemy prisoner of war operations over the entire spectrum of war and operations other than war as well as convoy protection missions.
The ASV provides protection to the crew compartment, a gunner's station and an ammunition storage area. The turret is fully enclosed, with an Mk 19 40 mm grenade machine gun, a .50-caliber machine gun and a multisalvo smoke grenade launcher. The ASV provides ballistic, blast and overhead protection for its four-person crew. The ASV, with a payload of 3,600 pounds, range of more than 400 miles and top speed of nearly 70 mph, ensures both lethality and survivability to the warfighter.
Product Manager Medium Tactical Vehicles
The Product Manager Medium Tactical Vehicles (PdM MTV) is responsible for the family of medium tactical vehicles (FMTV) including FMTV specialty vehicles and FMTV trailers, light medium tactical vehicles (LMTV), and medium tactical vehicles (MTV).
The medium truck fleet has historically accounted for more than half of the Army's single-liftpayload capacity. In redefining this vital fleet, Army planners took the opportunity to focus on a family approach- that is, to combine both 2.5-ton and 5-ton payload classes into a single acquisition program that would yield a logistically significant degree of component commonality across all medium-fleet variants.
The Army's requirement for medium trucks is now more than 72,000 vehicles. These vehicles are required across the entire spectrum of combat, combat support and combat service support units. They must perform roles such as unit mobility, field feeding, water distribution, local and line-haul transportation, maintenance platforms, engineer operations, communication systems, medical support and towing artillery pieces. All medium vehicles must be capable of operating worldwide on primary and secondary roads and trails, and cross-country in weather extremes from minus 50 to 120 degrees Fahrenheit.
LMTV systems include the M1078 2.5-ton standard cargo, M1079 2.5-ton van, M1080 2.5-ton chassis and M1081 2.5-ton standard cargo low-velocity air drop (LVAD). The MTV systems include the M1083 5-ton standard cargo, M1084 5-ton standard cargo with MHE, M1085 5-ton long cargo, M1086 5-ton long cargo with MHE (crane), M1088 5-ton tractor, M1089 5-ton wrecker, M1090 5-ton dump, M1092 5-ton chassis, M1093 5-ton standard cargo LVAD, M1094 5-ton dump (LVAD) and M1096 5-ton long chassis.
FMTV special vehicles include the M1087 expandable van, XM1140 high-mobility artillery rocket system (HIMARS) carrier, M1147 FMTV load handling system (LHS) trailer, M1148 FMTV LHS truck, M1157 10- ton dump and XM 1160 medium extended air defense system carrier. FMTV trailers include the M1082 trailer cargo 2.5-ton and M1095 trailer cargo 5-ton. In addition, the office helps coordinate activities on M900 series 5-ton trucks.
The FMTV achieves extraordinary commonality by sharing many subsystems and components in the 4x4 LMTV, 6x6 MTV and companion trailer configurations. For example, the trucks share common engine assemblies (with different horsepower ratings), cooling systems, transmissions, intake and exhaust systems, front axles and suspension systems, tires and wheels, cab assembly, vehicle control gauges, and much more. They differ primarily in the number of axles (two versus three) and standard cargo bed size (12 feet versus 14 feet) to accommodate different payload ratings (2.5 tons versus 5 tons) and body styles.
The FMTV deviates from predecessor vehicle designs by having its tilt cab over the engine. This design approach contributes to the Army's goal of significantly improving the deployability of units, since a typical FMTV vehicle is some 40 inches shorter than the vehicle it replaces, requiring less space aboard deploying aircraftor surface shipping. This reduced length also contributes to a shorter turning radius and better off-road mobility. Off-road mobility is further enhanced by a standard central tireinflation system and state-of-the-art suspension.
The Army's Long-Term Armoring Strategy (LTAS) provided greater levels of protection for the FMTV. The FMTV LTAS consists of two configurations: the base vehicle (or A-cab) and armor kit (B-kit). The A-cab configuration consists of those components and design upgrades to support armor contained in the B-kit, permanently integrated armor mounting provisions, as well as hard-to-install armor components. LTAS Acab vehicles (FMTV A1P2) give the user the option of adding armor as circumstances dictate. As armor technology and threats change, the FMTV A cabs will be able to accept revised B-kits that meet future needs. The B-kit consists of modular armor and transparent armor. LTAS vehicles are also capable of mounting defensive weaponry, including the objective gunner protection kit in B-kit mode.
Product Manager Heavy Tactical Vehicles
The Product Manager Heavy Tactical Vehicles (PdM HTV) is responsible for programs including the Heavy Equipment Transporter System (HETS), M915 family of vehicles, Heavy Expanded Mobility Tactical Truck (HEMTT), Palletized Load System (PLS), flat racks, container handling, mission modules, and fifth-wheel and special trailers.
The M1070/M1000 HETS deploys, transports, recovers and evacuates combatloaded M1 tanks and other vehicles of similar weight to and from the battlefield. More than 640 have been deployed in support of overseas contingency operations. The M1070 provides line-haul, local-haul and maintenance evacuation on and offthe road during tactical operations worldwide.
Unlike previous HETS, the M1070 is designed to carry both the tank and its crew. Approximately 2,311 HETS have been fielded to date. The M1070A1 HET tractor has been updated with a new power train with 200 additional horsepower, singlespeed transfer case for ease of operation, and numerous front-suspension and drivesystem updates to increase the safe operating load capacity of the vehicle steering and handling systems. The M1070A1 is designed with an armored A-cab and B-kit armor. The first M1070A1 units were fielded in August 2012.
The M1000 Semitrailer received several maintainability enhancements, including self-adjusting brakes, a central lubrication system at each axle and more reliable hydraulic pumps. The M1000 is in the process of production verification testing.
The HEMTT is the workhorse of Army combat divisions. More than 3,100 HEMTT systems are being used in overseas contingency operations. It is the principal combat service support enabler for all brigade combat teams. The 11-ton, eight-wheel-drive family of vehicles is designed to operate in any environment.
There are several basic configurations of the HEMTT-series trucks: the M977 cargo truck with light materiel-handling crane; the M985 cargo truck with medium materiel- handling crane; the M978 2,500-gallon fuel tanker; the M983 tractor; the M984 wrecker; and the M1120 load-handling system (LHS) and the M983 light equipment transporter (LET), used in Stryker recovery operations and movement of heavy engineer equipment. The HEMTT is used as a prime mover for the Patriot missile system, M7 forward repair system, tactical water purification system, chassis for the M1977 common bridge transporter, M1142 tactical firefighting truck and M1158 HEMTT-based water tender.
The HEMTT recap program will recapitalize legacy HEMTT vehicles into a 0 miles/0 hours current production A4 configuration. The HEMTT recap is a bumper-to-bumper refurbishment of the entire truck with the following technology insertions: CAT 15 engine, electronic transmission, anti-lock brake system (ABS), traction control and larger cab. The HEMTT A4 is designed with an armored A-kit cab and B-kit armor.
The Palletized Load System (PLS) is the primary component of the maneuver-oriented ammunition distribution system. Roughly 1,200 PLS are being used in overseas contingency operations. It also performs local-haul, line-haul, unit resupply and other transportation missions in the tactical environment. In addition, it is used as the prime mover for the M7 forward repair system and various engineer mission modules (M4 bituminous distributor module, M5 concrete mobile mixer module, M6 dump body module and the dry support bridge launcher vehicle).
The PLS comes in two mission-oriented configurations: the M1074 and the M1075. The M1074 is equipped with a variablereach materiel-handling crane (MHC) to support forward-deployed field artillery units. The M1075, without MHC, is used in conjunction with the M1076 trailer to support transportation line-haul missions.
The PLS Recap program will recapitalize PLS vehicles to 0 miles/0 hours and to the A1 configuration. The current PLS recap is a bumper-to-bumper refurbishment of the entire truck, with the following technology insertions: CAT 15 engine, electronic transmission, ABS, traction control and larger cab. The PLSA1 is designed with an armored A-kit cab and B-kit armor.
The M1076 PLS trailer is a three-axle, wagon-style trailer with a 16.5-ton payload capacity equipped with a flatrack that is interchangeable between truck and trailer. The flatracks are lifted on and offthe truck and trailer by a hydraulic-powered arm mounted on the truck, eliminating the need for additional material-handling equipment. The container transfer enhancement (CTE) upgrade that allows for ISO container loading onto the PLS-T is scheduled for fielding in FY 2013; the model designator will change to M1076A1 to identify the PLS-T with CTE.
The current production PLSA1 provides vehicle upgrades to incorporate a modern power train with increased horsepower, independent suspension and an updated cab that is common with the current HEMTT configuration. The PLSA1 is long-term protection strategy compliant with A-kit cab and B-kit armor.
Product Manager Allied Tactical Vehicles
The Product Manager Allied Tactical Vehicles (PdM ATV) provides the Afghan national security forces (ANSF) with cradleto- grave life-cycle management of mobile strike force vehicles, commercial light and medium tactical vehicles, SUVs and buses, consisting of four vehicle fleets with 18 variants and more than 50,000 vehicles delivered. These vehicles provide the ANSF their critical maneuver capability and allow them to independently conduct police and security operations. PdM ATV's mission is to provide the ANSF with the capability and capacity to be self-sustaining in the procurement, management and sustainment of their vehicle fleets, a mission that is a critical part of the successful transition of U.S. forces out of Afghanistan.
Product Director Army WatercraftSystems
The Product Director Army WatercraftSystems (PdD AWS) is committed to developing, acquiring, fielding and sustaining highly capable equipment that meets emerging watercraftrequirements. The Army watercraftcommunity provides a variety of systems and platforms that operate in geographical environments bounded, influenced and accessed by ports, littorals and waterways. AWS provide critical capabilities that support full-spectrum land combat operations by extending the ground commander's available maneuver space. These functions include the capability to conduct amphibious and riverine operations and provide logistics support to joint operations and campaigns, including joint over-the-shore operations and intratheater transport of time-sensitive, mission-critical personnel and materiel. The watercraftsolutions documented in the AWS strategy are designed to provide capability to maneuver in all tactical and operational environments; to rapidly make the transition between operations, missions and engagements; to support decentralized forces; and to rapidly deploy and sustain forces, equipment and materiel to multiple locations worldwide. Efforts to develop Army watercraftcapability for the future will focus on the creation and maintenance of an Army watercraftportfolio that delivers speed, agility and the operational payload needed to maneuver operationally ready forces and provide commanders with the ability to deliver combat power at the time and place of their choosing.
The Logistics Support Vessel (LSV) provides worldwide transportation of combat vehicles and sustainment cargo. The 274- foot LSV 1 class and 314-foot LSV 7 class vessels are designed to carry 2,280 tons of deck cargo. They both have a beam of 60 feet and a molded depth of 19 feet. The LSV provides intratheater movement to remote, underdeveloped coastlines and inland waterways. The LSV is the Army's primary joint logistics over-the-shore vessel; it also assists in unit deployment and relocation. The LSV fleet service life-extension program includes changes to command, control, communication, computers, intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance (C4ISR) and integrated bridge systems, hull and engineering systems, and Force Protection upgrades, as well as improvements to crew messing, living spaces and deck equipment.
The Landing CraftUtility (LCU) 2000 provides worldwide transport of combat vehicles and sustainment cargo. It also supports intratheater and tactical resupply. The LCU 2000 has a length of 174 feet, beam of 42 feet and loaded draftof 9 feet, and it can carry 350 tons of deck cargo. The entire fleet will receive a C4ISR upgrade, which provides state-of-the-art communications equipment, navigational equipment and safety of life-at-sea electronics, and will undergo a service-life extension program that will include power train and Force Protection upgrades.
The Large Tug (LT) 128-foot is used for transocean/coastal towing operations and for assisting with the docking/undocking of large ships. The LT 128-foot is outfitted to provide salvage, rescue and firefighting assistance to other vessels and shore installations on a limited basis. The LT 128-foot fleet recently completed an extensive modification program, which included lowering the pilothouse and upgrading the fuel tank systems and bow fendering.
The 900 Class Small Tugs (ST) move logistical supplies and equipment in harbor and inland waterways. The ST also provides the capability to assist larger tugs in docking and undocking all types of ships and watercraftand can be used in routine harbor utility work.
The Landing CraftMechanized (LCM 8) consists of a Mod 1 and Mod 2. The LCM 8 Mod 1 vessels perform personnel transfer, light salvage, and coastal, harbor and island waterways utility work. The specialized LCM 8 Mod 2 vessels provide additional capabilities of command and control.
The Modular Causeway System (MCS) provides a means of moving cargo from ship to shore across unimproved beaches in areas of the world where fixed port facilities are unavailable, denied or otherwise unacceptable. MCS sections are modular, ISO-compatible modules. Configurations are derived from four subsystems: rollon/ roll-offdischarge facility, causeway ferry, floating causeway and the modular warping tug.
The Barge Derrick 115-foot mission is loading and discharging heavy and outsize cargos beyond the capacity of the ships' gear, salvage operations, cleaning debris from ports and inland waterways, and removing obstacles. Special features include- but are not limited to-loading/ discharging M1 Abrams tanks from the weather deck of the Navy's largest rollon/ roll-offstrategic sealiftship. The Barge Derrick is self-supporting for 30 days.
Dry Support Bridge
High-Mobility Engineer Excavator
Shower Water Reuse System
Petroleum Quality Analysis System-Enhanced
AM General's Joint Light Tactical Vehicle prototype
Advanced medium mobile power sources
M100 Power Distribution Illumination System Electrical
Buffalo Mine Protected Clearance Vehicle
Light Medium Tactical Vehicle
Heavy Expanded Mobility Tactical Truck
Landing CraftUtility 2001
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